So you think everything's already been released on DVD? Our readers disagree and here's our running list of "Missing in Action" DVDs to prove it. The following are 871 titles that have yet to be released on DVD, discs that are sadly out of print, and platters that we would like to see re-mastered or updated. Scroll to the bottom of the page to find out how to add your favorites!
Quick Jump: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
23 Paces to Baker Street (1956)
Van Johnson and Vera Miles star in this cool thriller directed by Henry Hathaway.
55 Days at Peking (1963)
Rumored to be released by The Weinstein Company in mid-2007.
99 River Street (1953)
Tough film noir with John Payne. Directed by Phil Karlson. United Artists.
101 Dalmatians (1961)
Originally released as part of Disney's "Limited Issue" series in 1999, now part of their Platinum Collection, which means it won't re-appear on DVD for several years, and even then only for a limited time.
711 Ocean Drive (1950)
Edmond O'Brien stars as a telephone worker who sets up a hugely successful betting operation in this slick film noir. Distributed by Columbia Pictures.
1492: Conquest of Paradise (1992)
Ridley Scott's epic retelling of the famous voyage to America, with Gerard Depardieu as Christopher Columbus. Rumors are that Paramount could release this for its 15th anniversary in 2007.
The 1956 version of George Orwell's classic novel, directed by Michael Anderson, has never appeared on home video. Columbia Pictures originally produced the title, but reportedly Orwell's widow was dissatisfied with the final product.
Warren Beatty and Goldie Hawn star in Richard Brooks' heist comedy. Also known as Dollars; the film rights reside with Sony.
Abe Lincoln in Illinois (1940)
Criterion made a splash on DVD with John Ford's Young Mr. Lincoln starring Henry Fonda. Raymond Massey stars in this well-regarded tale of the man before he would be president. This will be available from Warner by 2009, if not sooner.
An Act of Love (Un acte d'amour)
Anatole Litvak directs Kirk Douglas in this terrific post-World War II love story.
The Admirable Crichton (U.S. title: Paradise Lagoon) (1957)
Kenneth More stars in this adaptation of James M. Barrie's satire of the British class system; Lewis Gilbert directs.
The Adventures of Gerard (1970)
Jerzy Skolimowski's madcap take on Conan Doyle's Napoleonic hero, the inspiration for George Macdonald Fraser's Harry Flashman.
After the Shock (1990)
Gripping account of the Loma Prieta Earthquake that struck the San Francisco Bay Area on October 17, 1989. However, this telefilm cut too close to bone too soon. The rights reside with Paramount.
The African Queen
Humphrey Bogart and Katherine Hepburn star in the John Huston classic, and the rights are owned by Fox. No release date announced yet in Region 1, but a Region 2 disc from Carlton Home Entertainment features a clean transfer and a commentary track from cinematographer Jack Cardiff. Easily one of our top-five MIA discs stateside. Current reports indicate that Paramount is restoring the film negative.
Against All Flags (1952)
A fantastic swashbuckler film set in the 16th century starring Errol Flynn, Maureen O'Hara, and Anthony Quinn.
The Alamo (1960)
Like Gettysburg, it's out on DVD, but only in a truncated 162-minute version. The roadshow version, which ran for 193 minutes (plus musical interlude) is available only on VHS and Laserdisc.
Alamo Bay (1985)
Texas fishermen at odds with Vietnamese immigrants. Little seen drama by Louis Malle. Tri-Star.
Alfred the Great (1969)
David Hemmings stars as Britain's first King, and featuring the film debut of Ian McKellen.
Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves (1944)
A popular sword-and-turban adventure from the golden age.
All Fall Down (1962)
William Inge drama directed by John Frankenheimer. Warren Beatty plays the caddish older brother of Brandon De Wilde. Angela Lansbury and Karl Malden play their parents. Eva Marie Saint plays one of the women who falls under the Beatty spell. An MGM/UA release.
All This and Heaven Too (1940)
A tiny pet alligator, named Ramone, is flushed into the sewer where it grows and grows. Scary and laugh-out-loud funny. Due from Lionsgate on Sept. 18.
Alone in the Dark (1982)
Donald Pleasence is the target of psychopathic Martin Landau and his partner Jack Palance in this horror thriller. An early New Line Cinema picture.
America, America (1976)
The Amsterdam Kill (1977)
Robert Mitchum plays a washed-up police officer hired by the DEA to help plug a security leak in Amsterdam. Co-starring Bradford Dillman, Richard Egan, and Leslie Nielsen. Released by Columbia Pictures and Golden Harvest.
The Anderson Tapes (1971)
Sidney Lumet's heist flick starring Sean Connery as an ex-con putting together the elaborate robbery of a swank apartment complex. Features an early role for Christopher Walken (as "The Kid"), a pioneering electronic score by Quincy Jones, and a strikingly modern use of camera technique and framing that is an obvious precursor to the styles of Guy Ritchie and his peers. Based on the novel by Lawrence Sanders. Briefly released in Region 1 but currently out of print. Released as a PAL DVD in the UK.
Anne of the Thousand Days (1969)
This well liked Hal Wallis production starring Genevieve Bujold will debut from Universal on September 18, alongside 1973's Mary, Queen of Scots.
Woody Allen's masterpiece was released by MGM in 1998, but a small snafu in the "subtitles" scene cries out for a re-master. Don't hold your breath.
Ansiktet (The Magician) (1958)
Ingmar Bergman's meditation on illusion starring Max von Sydow.
Anthony Adverse (1936)
A lost classic from Hollywood's golden years, starring Fredric March, Olivia de Havilland, Claude Rains, and, in an Oscar-winning role, Gale Sondergaard. Warner should restore this and give it a DVD release.
Anything Goes (1936)
Bing Crosby headlines the film adaptation of Cole Porter's musical. Universal holds the rights. The 1956 remake (also starring Bing) is out on DVD why not the original?
The April Fools (1969)
"He has a wife. She has a husband. With so much in common they just have to fall in love." Jack Lemmon and Catherine Deneuve star in this romantic comedy.
Stanley Donen's counterpart to Charade, starring Gregory Peck and Sophia Loren. Universal holds the rights.
Ask Any Girl (1959)
Charming comedy starring Shirley MacLaine, David Niven, and Gig Young, and directed by Charles Walters. High gloss MGM.
The Assault (De Aanslag) (1986)
A terrific Dutch World War II film from director Fons Rademakers, and winner of an Oscar for Best Foreign Film.
Assault on a Queen (1966)
Frank Sinatra stars in this movie in which con men try to pull off a heist aboard the Queen Mary. A Paramount picture.
At Play in the Fields of the Lord (1991)
The Atomic City (1951)
This Cold War thriller starring Gene Barry is likely in cold storage at Paramount.
The Awakening (1980)
Bram Stoker adaptation featuring Egyptian locations shot by expert cinematographer Jack Cardiff and a suitably daffy performance from hambone Heston.
Baby Face Nelson (1957)
Mickey Rooney is riveting as the title anti-hero in this gangster quickie directed by the great Don Siegel. Carolyn Jones and Cedric Hardwicke (as a lush MD) offer solid support.
Baby It's You (1983)
John Sayles' fans have been waiting for years to get this underrated (and under-viewed) film on DVD.
Bachelor Flat (1962)
Frank Tashlin directed this somewhat strained comedy about a British professor (Terry Thomas) house-sitting in Malibu. Tuesday Weld is among the complications. Fox.
Background to Danger (1943)
In this WWII spy thriller from Raoul Walsh, Sydney Greenstreet plots an assassination attempt in neutral Turkey in order for the country to side with Germany. George Raft is the American who can stop him. Peter Lorre co-stars as a Russian spy. In Warner's vault.
Western/mystery with Richard Widmark and Donna Reed. Universal.
Robert Mitchum runs guns in Mexico. United Artists.
Barefoot in the Park (1981)
A fondly remembered theatrical rendition of Neil Simon's play starring Bess Armstrong, Richard Thomas, Barbara Barrie, and Hans Conried. Barely seen since its original run on HBO, but fans insist that it's a definitive version, in part because of the live audience, making the 1967 film starring Robert Redford and Jane Fonda seem nearly joyless by comparison.
Barravento (The Turning Wind) (1962)
A beautiful black-and-white Brazilian cinema novo from director Glauber Rocha.
Battle Circus (1953)
Richard Brooks' Korean War drama starring Humphrey Bogart and June Allyson may have an odd name, but it was selected after the original M*A*S*H was considered too confusing. An MGM production that's likely in Warner's vault.
Battle in Outer Space (1960)
The nations of the Earth unite in a common cause to fight off the alien invaders from the planet Natal. The moon has been invaded, and the Earth is next.
The Battle of the River Plate (1956)
WWII cat-and-mouse thriller set in South America; directed by Michael Powell. Available in Region 2.
Beau James (1957)
Bob Hope, in a rare dramatic role, portrays the 1920's NYC Mayor Jimmy Walker in this flavorful Melville Shavelson production. Vera Miles co-stars, as well with some cameos by Jimmy Durante and Jack Benny. Paramount.
The Bed-Sitting Room (1969)
Richard Lester's bizarre post-apocalyptic black comedy, starring Ralph Richardson, Rita Tushingham, Peter Cook, Dudley Moore, Roy Kinnear, Harry Secombe
in other words, all of his favorite actors. Everyone wanders around a bombed-out London, and unpredictably mutate into surprising objects. United Artists released the film in the U.S. whether MGM/UA will ever actually release it on DVD is anyone's guess.
Belles of St. Trinians (1954)
Alastair Sim and Joyce Grenfell in a knock-about farce set in a girl's school. Based on Ronald Searle's cartoon characters. British Lion.
Benefit of the Doubt (1993)
Convicted wife-murderer Donald Sutherland is released from prison to seek revenge on the daughter (Amy Irving) that helped to put him away. Paramount.
Berlin Alexanderplatz (1980)
Rainer Werner Fassbinder's 15-hour miniseries, set in Weimar Germany, is due in a seven-disc set from The Criterion Collection on Nov. 13.
Beware, My Lovely (1952)
Robert Ryan in the role of a psychopathic drifter; Ida
Lupino plays the lonely widow who attempts to both
help and escape. Despite its regrettable title, one of
the most odd yet memorable of '50s flicks.
Beyond Rangoon (1995)
Beyond the Forest (1949)
Bette Davis and Joseph Cotten in this Warner potboiler.
Beyond the Poseidon Adventure (1979)
There are 20 additional minutes that was shown on television for this sequel to The Poseidon Adventure.
Bhowani Junction (1956)
George Cukor directs this Anglo-Indian drama starring Ava Gardner and Stewart Granger.
The Big Fix (1978)
Richard Dreyfuss stars as modern-day (for 1978) detective Moses Wine with his two kids tagging along while he solves a case in Southern California. Funny and suspenseful.
A Big Hand for the Little Lady (1966)
Set primarily in the back room of a western saloon, this high-stakes poker game takes many unusual twists and turns between stars Henry Fonda, Joannne Woodward, Jason Robards, Jr., Burgess Meredith, Charles Bickford, and Kevin McCarthy. Due from Warner on Nov. 6.
The Big House (1930)
The definitive prison thriller, starring Wallace Beery and produced by the legendary Irving Thalberg. This MGM production is in Warner's vault.
Big Man on Campus (1989)
A cult favorite, alternately titled The Hunchback Hairball of L.A.
The Big Sky (1952)
One of Howard Hawks' finest westerns, starring Kirk Douglas. As an independent production released by RKO title, the rights most likely reside with Warner.
The Big Parade (1925)
Bigger Than Life (1956)
Nicholas Ray directs this high-voltage medical case-study starring the impeccable James Mason. Fox handled theatrical release.
The Bitter Tea of General Yen (1933)
Columbia has yet to release this Frank Capra classic starring Barbara Stanwyck, although sources say it's on the 2007 schedule.
Black Book (aka Reign of Terror) (1949)
French Revolution thriller directed by Anthony Mann. Was released in a truly terrible DVD version and needs an upgrade. Eagle-Lion.
The Black Windmill (1974)
Don Siegel returned to England, the land of his university days, to direct this slick thriller starring Michael Caine and Donald Pleasance as his annoyingly bureaucratic superior.
Blade Runner (1982)
Warner has promised a comprehensive DVD release in 2007 including the original theatrical version. It's now due on Dec. 18 with U.S. and international theatrical versions, the "Director's Cut," the "Final Cut," and the ultra-rare "Workprint" version.
Blanche Fury (1948)
Haunting English gothic produced in muted colour by the Cineguild company founded Ronald Neame and David Lean.
Bless the Beasts & Children (1971)
The Blondie series, starring Penny Singleton and Arthur Lake, started in 1938 and included 28 films, finishing up in 1950 with Beware of Blondie. Even this many years later, fans remain devoted. Last reported somewhere in the Sony/Columbia vault.
Blood and Roses (1960)
Roger Vadim's marvelous gothic vampire film reportedly has only had one home-video release in the U.S. from Paramount, pan-and-scan, and (adding insult to injury) six-hour SLP mode.
Blood on the Moon (1948)
A psychological western starring Robert Mitchum, Barbara Bel Geddes, Robert Preston, and Walter Brennan.
Blowing Wild (1953)
Passions run amok in a Mexican oil field. With Gary Cooper, Barbara Stanwyck, Ruth Roman and Anthony Quinn. Warner.
The Blue Bird (1976)
George Cukor directs Elizabeth Taylor, Jane Fonda, Ava Gardner, and Cicely Tyson in this children's fable.
Blue City (1986)
Paramount's film adaptation of the Ross Macdonald thriller starring Judd Nelson, Ally Sheedy, and David Caruso wasn't very warmly received by critics or audiences when it was released. We wonder if this will ever see the light of day on DVD.
The Blue Dahlia (1946)
This noir isn't based on the "Black Dahlia" case, but instead was written by Raymond Chandler and concerns a military man who is accused of murdering his unfaithful wife. Alan Ladd, Veronica Lake, and William Bendix star.
Blue Denim (1959)
Powerful drama from screenwriter/director Phillip Dunne that has teenage couple Brandon de Wilde and Carol Lynley facing her pregnancy and their decision to have a (then-illegal) abortion. Even more relevant today. Fox.
Bobby Deerfield (1977)
Boeing (707) Boeing (707) (1965)
Tony Curtis and Jerry Lewis star in this '60s comedy.
Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton co-star in a screenplay by Tennessee Williams.
Fox announced this Elia Kazan noir for DVD release, but the very few that actually reached the public now go for premium prices. Fox has announced a new release in the near future.
Bette Davis wants Paul Muni and will do anything, including murder, to get him. Warner.
Botany Bay (1953)
A swashbuckler staring Alan Ladd, James Mason, and Cedric Hardwicke.
Bouelvard Nights (1979)
Boy on a Dolphin (1957)
Sophia Loren is young, and wet, and devastatingly beautiful. Alan Ladd and Clifton Webb co-star.
The Boys in Company C (1978)
The Boys in the Band
The out-of-print VHS of William Friedkin's 1970 film goes for big bucks. It appears Fox still has the rights.
Boy's Night Out (1962)
A light comedy from the early '60s that reflected the changing times. James Garner, Tony Randall, and Kim Novak star.
Bramble Bush (1960)
Adultery, voyeurism and euthanasia in a New England town. Richard Burton is the star but Jack Carson, Angie Dickinson, Henry Jones, and James Dunn steal it. Warner.
Brass Target (1978)
The Brave (1997)
Johnny Depp directs and stars as an Indian freshly released from jail who gets an offer to star in his own snuff film, the money of which would greatly help his family. Also starring Marlon Brando. Reportedly, Depp's dislike of negative reviews from American critics at Cannes means he will not show the film in the United States.
Breaking Glass (1980)
Punk rocker Hazel O'Connor rises from playing in clubs to the superstar life, only to find it's not all that glamorous. O'Connor had even written songs for the movie! Paramount has this one; probably in cold storage due to music rights.
Brewster McCloud (1970)
Robert Altman directed over a dozen movies in the 1970s, but this is the only one that's not available on DVD, although region-free editions do show up on eBay.
Broken English (1996)
Rade Serbedzija, Aleksandra Vujcic, and Julian Arahanga star in this New Zealand tale of star-crossed love between a displaced indigenous Maori and a Croatian refugee.
The Brothers Karamazov (1958)
Richard Brooks' Dostoyevsky by way of the Epstein Brothers (of Casablanca fame). Maria Schell is luminous. Also starring Yul Brynner, Maria Schell, Claire Bloom, Lee J. Cobb, Albert Salmi, William Shatner, and Richard Basehart.
The Buccaneer (1938/58)
Cecil B. DeMille's original version of this classic resides with Universal, while Anthony Quinn's remake starring Yul Brynner, Charlton Heston, Claire Bloom, Charles Boyer, E. G. Marshall, and Lorne Greene is in the Paramount vault.
Buchanan Rides Alone (1958)
Buddy Buddy (1981)
Billy Wilder's last movie, featuring the wonderful Jack Lemmon and Walter Matthau. An MGM/UA release.
Bugsy Malone (1976)
Alan Parker's musical of the Roaring '20s features Jodie Foster in one of her earliest roles. Paramount holds the rights.
The Bullfighter and the Lady (1951)
The Burglar (1957)
Paul Wendkos directed this gritty drama, which stars Dan Duryea and Jayne Mansfield (who actually acts in this one).
Buster and Billie (1974)
Buster Keaton: A Hard Act to Follow (1987)
This engrossing, thorough biography of one of America's cinematic geniuses includes lots of Keaton himself reminiscing. Available on DVD in Region 2, but not on these shores.
California Dreaming (1979)
Starring Seymour Cassel, Dorothy Tristan, Dennis Christopher, and Tanya Roberts (clothed).
The California Kid (1974)
TV movie starring Martin Sheen, Vic Morrow, Michelle Phillips, and Nick Nolte. Unclear if there's ever been an official VHS release.
Celine and Julie Go Boating (1974)
One of the most important French films of the '70s, comparable in its importance (according to critic David Thomson) to Citizen Kane. Available on DVD in Britain but not in America.
Cannery Row (1982)
A charming movie starring Nick Nolte and Debra Winger that's been overlooked for far too long. Released on Laserdisc soon before the format's demise, but never on DVD. An MGM title.
Canon City (1948)
Captain Lightfoot (1955)
Douglas Sirk's Irish swashbuckler with Rock Hudson. Universal.
The Captain's Table (1958)
John Gregson is the put-upon captain in this British sex comedy; Jack Lee directs.
The Car (1977)
James Brolin stars in a movie that also went by the title DeathMobile. Original VHS copies are reported to trade as high as $40 on eBay.
The Caretakers (1963)
Director Hall Bartlett's lurid melodrama about mental illness is mental all right. Polly Bergen's crack-up in a movie theater may be the high point or low point, depending on one's point of view. The cast Joan Crawford, Robert Stack, Janis Paige, Constance Ford invites curiosity. Nice Elmer Bernstein score. MGM/UA.
Carlos Saura's fascinating flamenco version of Bizet's opera has yet to be issued on an NTSC Region 1 DVD.
Alternately titled Bizet's Carmen, and considered by some to be the greatest opera movie ever. Available on disc in Region 2.
Cash on Demand (1961)
A minor non-horror classic from Hammer Films with Peter Cushing and Andre Morrell in a superb cat-and-mouse bank-heist scenario.
Nic Roeg's best film of the last 20 years is a gender-clashing tale of misogynist Oliver Reed meeting his match in Amanda Donohoe on a primitive island paradise.
The Catered Affair (1956)
Are we ever going to see this Best Picture winner from Fox on DVD?
Epic miniseries starring William Atherton, Raymond Burr, Sharon Gless, Robert Conrad, Richard Crenna, Timothy Dalton, Andy Griffith, Merle Haggard, and
Richard Chamberlain (did you doubt it?)
Centennial Summer (1946)
The Challenge (1982)
John Frankenheimer's martial arts film has Scott Glenn and Toshiro Mifune starring with a screenplay co-written by John Sayles.
Kirk Douglas stars in this well-liked boxing movie.
The Chapman Report (1962)
Jane Fonda, Shelley Winters, Claire Bloom, and Glynis Johns as the subjects of a Kinsey-like sex survey. A Zanuck-produced Warner Bros. picture, based on the Irving Wallace potboiler. Definitely a camp treat.
Chimes at Midnight (1965)
One of the best movies Orson Welles ever made, and with zero budget. Terrific Shakespeare adaptation with Welles as Falstaff. The soundtrack is in a sorry state, so subtitles would be welcome.
China Beach (1988-91)
Fans want ABC-TV's popular Vietnam hospital series on DVD.
China Gate (1957)
Weird Sam Fuller war drama set in Vietnam. With Angie Dickinson and Nat King Cole (!). Fox.
El Cid (1961)
The Weinstein Company has announced this Anthony Mann epic for a mid-2007 release. Fingers crossed. Imported versions are available on DVD, and The Criterion Collection released a Laserdisc.
Circus World (1964)
The Citadel (1938)
Robert Donat stars in this classic look at the medical profession. The legendary King Vidor directs. An MGM picture; resides in the confines of the Warner vaults.
Citizens Band (1977)
Jonathan Demme's slice of Americana, starring Paul Le Mat, Candy Clark, and Demme regular Charles Napier. Paramount has released a VHS, why not DVD?
City of Sadness (1989)
Hou Hsiao-Hsien has earned an increasing reputation as one of the world's leading filmmakers. This movie, about postwar terror in Taiwan, won the 1989 Golden Lion award at Venice.
Cluny Brown (1946)
Cobra Woman (1944)
Robert Siodmak directs this little-seen
Cockleshell Heroes (1954)
WWII heroism with Jose Ferrer who also directed and Trevor Howard. Sony.
A Cold Night's Death (1973)
One of the better early 1970s made-for-TV movies, about two researchers in the Arctic, starring Robert Culp. Sometimes listed as The Chill Factor, but originally aired as A Cold Night's Death.
Colorado Territory (1949)
Joel McCrea, Virginia Mayo, Dorothy Malone, and Henry Hull star.
MGM has released a DVD of Dennis Hopper's L.A. cop drama, but it's the 120-min. version. If you want the extended cut of the film (which runs 130 min.), you'll have to pay more for the VHS.
Colossus: The Forbin Project (1970)
A taut Cold War thriller from director Joseph Sargeant as American and Soviet computers controlling each country's nuclear missiles take over. Released on Laserdisc in widescreen (as a two set with Silent Running), but only on DVD in pan-and-scan.
Comanche Station (1960)
Stars "Mr. Western" himself, Randolph Scott, plus Nancy Gates and Claude Akins.
Come Back to the 5 & Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean (1982)
Robert Altman's film takes a look at the fanfare of actor James Dean. The rights likely reside with Paramount.
Come Fill the Cup (1950)
James Cagney, Gig Young, and Raymond Massey in the world of alcoholic newspapermen.
Comfort and Joy (1984)
This Scottish film was Bill Forsyth's follow up to "Local Hero". It has been released on DVD in England, but not in the United States.
The Competition (1980)
Compromising Positions (1985)
Interesting black comedy about women plotting to kill their dentist. Susan Sarandon is excellent, but watch for the acid-tongued Judith Ivey. A Paramount picture.
The Confession (L' Aveu) (1970)
This Costa-Gravas drama starring Yves Montand and Simone Sigornet is rare quite rare indeed. We are unaware of any home video release, while theatrical distribution in the U.S. was handled by Paramount.
The Cook, The Thief, His Wife & Her Lover (1989)
Peter Greenaway's avant garde thriller is out of print on DVD and trades online for big money.
The Count of Monte Cristo (1934)
Directed by Wilfred Lucas and Rowland Lee, and starring Robert Donat, Elissa Landi and Louis Calhern. Arguably the definitive version of the Dumas novel.
Cousin Cousine (1975)
A very popular French comedy that earned three Oscar nominations and served as the basis for the American remake Cousins. At the moment it's only found on VHS.
The Covered Wagon (1923)
This silent film launched the Western genre. A Paramount title.
Craig's Wife (1936)
Sony holds the rights to this well-regarded melodrama starring Rosalind Russell, John Boles, and Billie Burke.
Directed by Sam Raimi and produced by the Coen Brothers, who have virtually disowned the picture. Not on DVD, but all-region imports are available on eBay.
The Criminal Code (1931)
Where is this Howard Hawks noir masterpiece starring Walter Huston and Boris Karloff?
Surgeon Cary Grant must decide whether or not to save ruthless South American dictator Jose Ferrer in this overlooked Richard Brooks thriller.
The Crowd (1928)
The Crucible (Les Sorcieres de Salem) (1957)
Often overlooked compared to its American counterpart, this French version of Arthur Miller's noted play is terrific in every sense of the word. Simone Sigornet and Yves Montand are excellent as the troubled couple during the Salem witch trials. Criterion should get their hands on this.
William Friedkin's controversial film starring Al Pacino as a cop who goes undercover in New York's gay scene will street from Warner on Sept. 25.
Aidan Quinn stars; directed by Caleb Deschanel. Released theatrically by Island Pictures.
Cry Terror (1958)
Neat, gritty thriller directed by Andrew L Stone. The fine cast includes James Mason, Rod Steiger, Angie Dickinson, and Inger Stevens. MGM.
Cry Wolf (1947)
Errol Flynn stars with Barbara Stanwyck in one of his few non-swashbuckling roles, here as a sinister brother guarding a family secret. Briefly released on VHS; likely in the Warner vault.
One of Roman Polanski's early, amazing movies, made right after Repulsion.
Lech Kowalski's fly-on-the-wall documentary on the rise and fall of British punk rock is perhaps the most significant film about music not yet on DVD. Portions of Kowalski's Sex Pistols footage can be seen in Julien Temple's 2000 The Filth and the Fury, but true aficionados of the birth of punk are hoping to get this one digital. Music rights likely will keep its bootleg status active for a while yet. Reportedly issued at least twice on VHS in the United States.
Daisy Kenyon (1947)
Joan Crawford is torn between Henry Fonda and Dana Andrews. Smart soap, directed by Otto Preminger. Rumored to be in prep for a DVD release by Fox.
The Damned (1963)
Are radioactive children trapped in a secret government experiment? Heck yes! A Hammer release in the UK, with Columbia handling US theatrical distribution.
Bette Davis, who received her first Oscar for this movie, portrays an alcoholic actress who, after rehabilitation, becomes more dangerous than before her bout with the bottle. Surprisingly, Warner has yet to release this on DVD.
Harrowing Sidney Lumet adaptation of E.L. Doctorow's novel about the title character's (played by Timothy Hutton) search of the truth of his parents' past. Great performances by Lindsay Crouse and Mandy Patinkin stand out in this film.
The Dark at the Top of the Stairs (1960)
Delbert Mann directs from the play by William Inge. The cast includes Robert Preston, Dorothy McGuire and Eve Arden.
Dark City (1950)
William Dieterle's noir features Charlton Heston in one of his first roles. Has the unrelated 1998 film put this in cold storage indefinitely?
The Dark Mirror (1946)
Olivia De Havilland plays twin sisters; Richard Long co-stars.
Dark of the Sun (1968)
"A strike force of crack mercenaries fight the hottest battles in all the blazing fury of today's strife-torn Congo." One of Rod Taylor's best films. Co-starring Yvette Mimieux and Jim Brown. Also known as The Mercenaries. Watch for a DVD release from Warner in 2007.
Darker Than Amber (1970)
What was to have been the first in a series on the private detective Travis McGee Rod Taylor is excellent as McGee, and there is an absolutely blistering fight scene between him and William Smith. The original theatrical distributor may have been National General.
Day of the Triffids (1963)
Superior sci-fi based on John Wyndham's novel. Released on Laserdisc in a nice widescreen version but botched on DVD with an off-color, pan-and-scan print. An upgrade, please. Allied Artists.
The Day the Clown Cried
Are you kidding? Hollywood legend insists that this unreleased 1972 Holocaust death-camp "comedy" starring Jerry Lewis will never see the light of day. Rumor has it the sole completed film print resides in a safe, and Lewis is the man who holds the key.
Days of Glory (1944)
Gregory Peck makes his film debut in this WWII action/drama. An RKO production that is within the Warner vaults.
The Dead (1987)
John Huston's final film, a brilliant adaptation of the James Joyce novella.
Deadline U.S.A. (1952)
A great newspaper drama from Richard Brooks that pits Humphrey Bogart against gangster Martin Cabel. In the Fox vault.
The Deadly Affair (1967)
Sidney Lumet directs this adaptation of a gloomy John Le Carré mystery; the fine cast includes James Mason, Simone Signoret and Lynn Redgrave. In the Sony vault.
Death of a Salesman (1951)
Fredric March is fantastic as Willy Loman in Laslo Benedek's film adaptation of Arthur Miller's play. The TV versions are out on DVD why not this one?
Decision at Sundown (1957)
Randolph Scott tracks down the man responsible for his wife's suicide. The bleakest and most disturbing of Budd Boetticher's westerns. Columbia.
Dedee (aka Dedee d'Anvers) (1948)
A French import that made Simone Signoret an international star.
The Deep (1977)
Nearly an hour (53 minutes to be exact) of extra footage was tacked on to Peter Yates' underwater horror-adventure flick when it was shown on TV. A DVD of this extra footage would be welcome. (Notably, this extended cut was available on Laserdisc back in the '90s, but it's now out of print, naturally).
Jan-Michael Vincent, Art Carney, Theresa Saldana, and Danny Aiello star.
Le Doulos ("The Finger Man") (1962)
Jean Paul Belmondo in the first of Jean Pierre Melville's cool noirs. Janus.
A Demon in My View (1991)
Anthony Perkins, in one of his final film roles, plays a London serial killer who tries to live a normal life. Also known as The Man Next Door.
Denver & Rio Grande (1952)
Byron Haskin's offbeat western looks at rival railroad owners Edmond O'Brien and Sterling Hayden fighting to get a foothold of the West. The train collision climax is unforgettable.
Desert Fury (1947)
Burt Lancaster, Lizabeth Scott, John Hokiak, Mary Astor, and Wendell Corey in the original desert noir.
Desire (aka Woman) (1946)
A prostitute returns to her village. Amazingly frank for its time. Directed by Roberto Rossellini.
Destination Gobi (1953)
Richard Widmark stars in a Robert Wise actioner set during the World War II. Fox.
The Devils (1971)
Director Ken Russell's odd but interesting film starring Oliver Reed and Vanessa Redgrave, available from Warner in a cropped VHS version. An all-region DVD import from Britain (non-anamorphic widescreen) is available in Canada (or at least reportedly was at one time), listed as the uncut U.K version and with 70 min. of supplements, including scenes cut before the U.K. theatrical release.
The Devil's Disciple (1959)
Burt Lancaster, Kirk Douglas, and Laurence Olivier star in a battle of wits (of George Bernard Shaw's making) that takes place during The American Revolution.
Diary of a Mad Housewife (1970)
Carrie Snodgress, the insecure wife of pompous, self-centered social-climber Richard Benjamin, copes with her emotionally abusive relationship by having an affair with writer Frank Langella, who enjoys belittling and using her. A quirky look at '70s-era Manhattan intelligentsia, with a very early Alice Cooper performance.
The Docks of New York (1928)
Josef von Sternberg's silent film masterpiece. Paramount holds the rights.
Don't Give Up the Ship (1958)
One of Jerry Lewis's funniest films he plays an admiral trying to find a lost ship he had served on during WWII. Good wholesome fun. Paramount.
Don't Go Near the Water (1957)
Glenn Ford shows off his comic prowess in this fun comedy about WWII officers setting up a clubhouse on shore. MGM, but now with Warner.
Don't Make Waves (1967)
A decade after they collaborated on The Sweet Smell of Success, director Alexander Mackendrick and star Tony Curtis reunited for this strange but engaging misfire. Throw in an eye-popping appearance by Sharon Tate, a title tune by The Byrds, and some mesmerizing widescreen compositions, and it all raises the question: Why isn't this on DVD?
An astronaut journeys to a planet in the same orbit as
Earth, but on the opposite side of the sun, where he
finds a parallel, mirror Earth. Created by Gerry and Sylvia Anderson ("Thunderbirds," "Space 1999," et. al.).
Down to the Sea in Ships (1949)
Good sea adventure starring Richard Widmark, Lionel Barrymore, and Dean Stockwell.
Downhill Racer (1969)
Robert Redford and Gene Hackman star in this classic ski film that's yet to arrive on DVD. An independent production, distributed theatrically by Paramount.
Dr. Syn, alias the Scarecrow (1964)
This British Disney film was slated for release on DVD some time ago, and immediately became a hot preorder item on Amazon. Unfortunately, Disney had a change of heart and pulled the title from its release schedule. With a huge cult following, its lack of appearance on DVD is shameful.
Dream Wife (1953)
Cary Grant and Deborah Kerr star in this popular romance. An MGM title, currently with Warner.
Drowning by Numbers (1988)
Another Peter Greenaway favorite available in non-USA PAL version only. Maybe one of his more accessible movies too, and it's fun to play along and find all the numbers.
Duet for One (1986)
Julie Andrews portrays a world-renowned violinist stricken with multiple sclerosis.
The Earrings of Madame de
Criterion reportedly is prepping this title for a Max Ophuls box-set release in 2007 or 2008. Available in Region 2.
Sure, Universal has recently released a DVD for Mark Robson's disaster movie, but it's just the theatrical version with the original "Sensurround" audio track. The TV version, running 160 minutes, is still MIA on DVD. However, a DVD release for this version is unlikely in the near future.
Easy Living (1937)
Edge of the City (1957)
Sidney Poitier, John Cassavetes, Jack Warden, and Ruby Dee in Martin Ritt's first feature. A slice of that wonderful kind of grown-up stuff that came out of now-extinct live TV drama.
The Egyptian (1954)
Jean Simmons stars in this epic of ancient Egypt. A Fox title.
Eight Iron Men (1953)
Lee Marvin heads a cast of tormented soldiers in WWII Italy. Sony/Columbia's got this one.
Electric Dreams (1984)
Reportedly, Warner Home Video's rights to this title have expired. No release information available.
Jonathan Rhys Meyers is enough of a name by now for this TV biopic to earn a DVD release. Fans claim it's the most accurate filmed version of Elvis Presley's life story, clocking in at well over three hours.
Eminent Domain (1991)
Enchanted April (1991)
The Enchanted Cottage (1945)
Robert Young plays a disfigured ex-soldier who arrives at a magic cottage and meets a troubled girl (Dorothy McGuire) in this popular romance.
Endless Love (1981)
Why the heck isn't this on DVD? Originally a PolyGram title, the rights apparently are now with the MGM library.
Taut Cold War thriller starring Martin Sheen and directed by Jeannot Szwarc. Unavailable on Region 1 DVD, while fans can pick up a copy on Region 2.
Ensign Pulver (1964)
The sequel to Mister Roberts is worth a look, even though Robert Walker is no Jack Lemmon, and director Joshua Logan is no John Ford. In Warner's vault.
Era Notte a Roma (aka Blackout in Rome) (1960)
An Italian woman shelters three Allied soldiers during WWII. Cut by more than 45 minutes for its marginal American release. The uncut version is a knock-out. Directed by Roberto Rossellini.
Escapade in Japan (1957)
Europa (aka Zentropa) (1991)
This Lars von Trier title is available in Europe, while a "Region 0" disc can be found in Korea. No. Region 1 release plans have been announced.
Every Girl Should Be Married (1948)
Cary Grant and Betsy Drake star.
The Exterminating Angel (1962)
Surreal, critically acclaimed Buñuel allegory about high-society guests trapped at a dinner party.
F. Scott Fitzgerald in Hollywood (1976)
Telefilm flashes back to the time the author tried and failed to make a dent in that unforgiving town. James Costigan wrote the teleplay, Anthony Page directed, and Jason Miller is hopelessly miscast as Fitzgerald. But Tuesday Weld as Zelda is positively brilliant. Produced by ABC Circle Films.
Face to Face (Ansikte mot ansikte ) (1976)
Liv Ullmann sets new standards for acting in this Ingmar Bergman picture, which is rumored to be in Criterion's hands.
The Fall of the Roman Empire (1964)
Sophia Loren, Stephen Boyd, Alec Guinness, James Mason, Christopher Plummer, Anthony Quayle, John Ireland, Omar Sharif, and and Mel Ferrer star in this action-packed look at Rome in decline. The Weinstein Company has announced this for a mid-2007 release.
Far from the Madding Crowd (1967)
John Schlesinger's adaptation of the acclaimed Thomas Hardy novel has Alan Bates, Terrence Stamp, and Peter Finch vying for the love of the beautiful Julie Christie. An MGM production that belongs to Warner.
Farewell, My Lovely (1975)
A film noir classic set in 1940s Los Angeles starring Robert Mitchum highly acclaimed, it rivals Chinatown, but for some unknown reason it has never been released on a mainstream DVD studio label. Existing rare, obscure DVD releases sell for $200 on Amazon.com. Released theatrically by AVCO Embassy.
Farewell to Manzanar (1976)
Pat Morita, Mako, and Nobu McCarthy star in this well-regarded telefilm about a Japanese-American internment camp.
The Fastest Gun Alive (1956)
Glen Ford and Broderick Crawford star in this
western about a fast-draw gunslinger.
Fate Is the Hunter (1964)
Glenn Ford tries to discover the cause of a fatal air crash. Ralph Nelson directed and the cast includes Rod Taylor, Suzanne Pleshette, and Nancy Kwan. Fox.
Fear and Desire (1953)
Stanley Kubrick made his directorial debut in this low-budget film. However, only two remaining prints exist and there has been a market for bootleg copies.
Fever Pitch (1985)
A career-killing film for Ryan O'Neal and director Richard Brooks but that doesn't mean a DVD won't happen. Released theatrically by MGM.
File on Thelma Jordan (1949)
Maybe I was just a dame and didn't know it." Barbara Stanwyck noir. Paramount.
Fire and Rain (1989)
Outstanding telefilm based on the real-life tragedy of Delta Airlines flight 191. Jerry Jameson directs, with Angie Dickinson, Tom Bosley, and David Hasselhoff starring.
First Love (1977)
William Katt, Susan Dey, John Heard, Beverly D'Angelo, Robert Loggia, and Swoosie Kurtz star in this '70s college romance.
Five Against the House (1954)
Kim Novak in a casino-heist thriller. Columbia.
Five Gates to Hell (1959)
Tacky, nasty adventure with nurses in China captured by a warlord (Neville Brand). Great fun. Fox.
Five Fingers (1952)
Entertaining tale about a famous spy. James Mason stars; Joseph L. Mankiewicz directs. A Fox title.
Five Graves to Cairo (1943)
Another Billy Wilder classic that has not made it to DVD. Released by Paramount, but we suspect that Universal holds the rights.
Five Miles to Midnight (1962)
Sophia Loren and Anthony Perkins headline the cast in this Anatole Litvak potboiler. MGM/UA.
The Fixer (1968)
Alan Bates received an Oscar nomination for his performance in John Frankenheimer's adaptation of the Bernard Malamund novel. MGM released the film, but it's probably in Warner's vault.
The Flame and the Arrow (1950)
A young, Robin Hood-type archer who eventually helps a rebellion in Italy against German tyrants led by Count Ulrich, 'The Hawk', who stole his wife years earlier and later steals his son as well. Plenty of action, swashbuckling and romance starring Burt Lancaster, Virginia Mayo and Nick Cravat as Piccolo.
The Flim-Flam Man (1967)
George C. Scott reportedly said that his turn as double-dealing Mordecai Jones was his favorite role.
Floating Clouds (1955)
Mikio Naruse seems to be slowly joining Kurosawa, Ozu, and Mizoguchi in the list of great Japanese filmmakers. Apparently there is a French DVD edition, but there does not appear to be even an English VHS.
Footsteps in the Fog (1955)
Atmospheric Victorian thriller featuring the real-life couple of Jean Simmons and Stewart Granger.
Forever Amber (1947)
The Fortune (1975)
Starring Jack Nicholson and Warren Beatty, introducing Stockard Channing, and directed by Mike Nichols. Some will say it's an acquired taste, along the lines of Ishtar. Reportedly in the Sony/Columbia vault.
The Fox (1967)
Mark Rydell's highly controversial (for its time) film takes a look a two female lovers on a Canadian farm. Sandy Dennis and Anne Heywood are superb in the leading roles.
Fraulein Doktor (1969)
An exciting, large-scale European WWI espionage film based on the true story of a female double agent, starring Suzy Kendall and Capucine.
Freebie and the Bean (1974)
French Postcards (1979)
Frenchman's Creek (1944)
Great adaptation of Daphne du Maurier's novel by Mitchell Liesen. Starring Joan Fontaine and Basil Rathbone. A Paramount picture; the rights are with Universal.
An overlooked gem that deserves art-house classic status. Directed by John Huston and starring Montgomery Clift. Universal.
Friday the 13th: The Series (1987-90)
Fans of the Friday the 13th movie franchise might be delighted to see this TV series, even if it's unrelated to its big-screen counterparts. Should be on DVD, but we can't find it.
Friendly Fire (1979)
TV drama featuring Carol Burnett in her first dramatic role. Ned Beatty and Timothy Hutton co-star.
The Friends of Eddie Coyle (1973)
Robert Mitchum stars. 'Nuff said.
From Beyond (1986)
Horror in the Re-Animator tradition, from a story by H. P. Lovecraft, directed by Stuart Gordon, and starring Jeffrey Combs and Barbara Crampton. There is an overpriced German (R2 PAL) DVD version available on Amazon, and there was word of a U.S. release in 2005/2006 including newly-found lost footage, but as of March 2007, no Region 1 DVD release.
For Jonah Who Will Be 25 in the Year 2000 (Jonas qui aura 25 ans en l'an 2000) (1976)
Director Alain Tanner's Swiss film calls a lot into question.
This sequel to Westworld is well-liked by fans.
Gabriel Over the White House (1933)
Cautionary political fantasy about a U.S. president (Walter Huston) following his inner voice (the angel Gabriel, no less) to solve the nation's social and political ills. Rarely seen and worth preserving on DVD.
The Games (1970)
Ryan O'Neal heads a cast of Olympic participants during the Olympics (did you doubt it for a second?). The rights reside with Fox.
Garden of Evil (1954)
Big budget western with Gary Cooper, Richard Widmark and Susan Hayward. Fox.
Garment Jungle (1957)
Director Robert Aldrich was fired from this crime drama before it was completed but enough of his work remains to make it worthwhile. Columbia.
Who says a gas shortage can't be funny? This rarely seen comedy is definitely a camp treat.
Delightful British comedy about an antique car race. It made Kay Kendall a star. Rank/Universal.
Get Crazy (1983)
Not only is this Allan Arkush (Rock 'n' Roll High School) cult item unavailable on DVD, it's been missing on VHS since the 80's. Even worse, the soundtrack of original music has never been released on CD. Malcolm McDowell stars as "Reggie Wanker," and the rest of the cast includes Daniel Stern, Ed Begley Jr., and Lou Reed. An Embassy theatrical release, it appears to be currently in MGM's vault.
It's out on DVD, but not the theatrical release, which ran 270 minutes. The only "definitive" edition appears to be a Laserdisc that came out shortly after the film's theatrical run.
The original and best beach movie, starring Sandra Dee, Cliff Robertson, and James Darren. Currently available only as part of a three-movie set in pan-and-scan cropped format it needs to be released individually in its proper CinemaScope aspect ratio.
Give 'em Hell, Harry! (1975)
James Whitmore stars in the film adaptation of the one-man show about Harry S. Truman.
The Glass Key (1942)
Excellent film noir starring Brian Donlevy, Veronica Lake, and Alan Ladd, adapted from Dashiell Hammett's novel. Surprisingly, already available in Region 2 DVD from Universal.
Gleaming the Cube (1989)
Christian Slater stars in this '80s flick about skateboarding and murder. There are more fake DVD copies of this on eBay than legit ones, and even the fakes are expensive.
The Glittering Prizes (1976)
The British miniseries that introduced Tom Conti to American audiences.
The Goddess (1958)
Kim Stanley stars as a Monroe-like troubled movie star.
Golden Earrings (1947)
The Go-Between (1970)
Available in Region 2 as part of a four-film "Julie Christie Collection."
Godzilla 1985 (1984)
Thirty years after the original monster's rampage, a new Godzilla emerges and attacks Japan.
Golden Boy (1939)
Rouben Mamoulian's brilliant boxing drama in the style of Raging Bull. Starring Barbara Stanwyck, Adolphe Menjou, Lee J. Cobb, and William Holden in his film debut. Sony has the rights.
The Gong Show Movie (1980)
Apparently never even released on VHS (or Beta, for that matter) back in the 1980s. However, bootleggers seem to have found a market for the DVD.
Goodbye Again (1960)
Romantic drama from director Anatole Litvak and starring Anthony Perkins, Ingrid Bergman, and Yves Montand. A UA production that resides with MGM.
Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1969)
The 1969 musical version stars Peter O'Toole and Petula Clark, and some fans say it's the best of them all. As a post-1950 MGM title, the rights are now with Sony. MGM previously released the title on VHS. Reportedly delayed on DVD by Warner until 2008.
London is stomped flat in this monster romp with great special effects. A lousy DVD was released but the movie deserves much better treatment. MGM.
Gorilla at Large (1954)
Anne Bancroft, Lee J. Cobb, Lee Marvin, or anyone could be the amusement park killer in this cult noir. Due from Fox on September 11.
The Gospel According to St. Matthew (Il vangelo secondo Matteo) (1964)
There have been a couple of low-quality releases of Pier Paolo Pasolini's masterwork life of Jesus, but all have suffered from a terrible image transfer and dearth of supplemental material. Fans want Criterion to put together a restored version with Martin Scorsese (who has often spoken of this movie's influence on The Last Temptation of Christ) to provide a commentary.
The Great Caruso (1951)
One of the few Joe Pasternak musicals that has not made it to DVD. Warner holds the rights, while MGM has released a VHS.
The Great Lie (1941)
Bette Davis and Mary Astor star in this popular melodrama.
The Great Northfield Minnesota Raid (1972)
Phillip Kaufman's directorial debut, starring Cliff Robertson and Robert Duvall (as Jesse James). Available from Universal on September 25.
The Great Waldo Pepper (1975)
Universal's DVD is out of print and trading at premium prices.
The Great Waltz (1938)
Hollywood operetta at its best. A film biography of composer Johann Strauss, which is also a good romantic comedy and wonderful musical that features Strauss's greatest hits. Nominated for a Best Editing Oscar and won the Oscar for Best Cinematography. Far outshines the 1955 version.
The Great War and the Shaping of the 20th Century (1997 )
A landmark documentary shown once on PBS. Possibly delayed by rights issues.
A silent masterpiece that was notoriously butchered after production look for Erich von Stroheim's epic to be released on DVD by Warner, possibly in 2007.
Green Man (1957)
Black comedy with Alastair Sim as a bumbling hit-man. British Lion.
Green Dolphin Street (1947)
Fine MGM fluff about a rocky love triangle during 19th century New Zealand. Come for the performances of Lana Turner, Donna Reed, and Van Heflin; stay for the Oscar-winning visual effects. Apparently in Warner's vault.
Green Mansions (1959)
Audrey Hepburn and Anthony Perkins star in the story of a fortune hunter in the South American jungle who discovers a mysterious girl, confined like a bird in an extraordinary sanctuary.
The Grey Fox (1982)
Richard Farnsworth stars as a convict recently released from prison who moves to Canada and takes up train robbing. A United Artists film, released on VHS.
The Group (1966)
Sidney Lumet directed this adaptation of the best-selling Mary McCarthy novel about college friends and their trials and tribulations. Strong female cast includes Shirley Knight, Joan Hackett, Jessica Walter and in her debut Candice Bergen, who wrote a very funny piece about the filming for Esquire. An MGM/UA title, currently in the Warner vault.
Gunman's Walk (1958)
Rancher Van Heflin has trouble controlling his wayward son, Tab Hunter. Directed by Phil Karlson. Columbia.
Guns of Darkness (1962)
A Guy Named Joe (1943)
Enjoyable classic about dead pilot Spencer Tracy, who returns to earth to help Van Johnson romance his girlfriend Irene Dunne. Released on VHS by MGM; the DVD rights reside with Warner.
Halliday Brand (1957)
A virtually unseen B-western with Joseph Cotton. Directed by Joseph L. Lewis. Columbia.
Halloween II (1981)
The sequel to John Carpenter's horror classic is available, but it's the theatrical version. Rick Rosenthal, the film's director, was displeased with that version and created his own "director's cut" of the film, which has been shown from time to time on television. By the way, the director's cut has less blood and gore. This version of the film was rumored to be released on DVD by Universal some time ago, but that was not the case.
Tony Richardson's take on the classic Shakespeare tragedy has yet to be seen on DVD. Notable for Anthony Hopkins' performance as Claudius. Sony/Columbia.
The Hand (1981)
Oliver Stone's cult horror is listed for release on September 25 from Warner.
The Hanging Tree (1959)
The Happy Ending (1969)
The Happy Years (1950)
Hard Boiled: The Criterion Collection
The last film John Woo made in Hong Kong was available from Criterion until the license to produce it ran out. Other editions are on DVD, but the Criterion disc currently trades for high money on eBay.
Carroll Baker portrays the platinum blonde actress in this biopic of Jean Harlow. The rights are with Paramount.
While MGM has released Hawaii on DVD, it was a 161-minute version, and not the 189-minute roadshow version (a version which was available on VHS). How about it?
The Hawaiians (1970)
He Who Must Die (Celui Qui Doit Mourir) (1956)